time and lower costs. this gives the local governments greater flexibility to consolidate or rebuild facilities by allowing fema to issue fix grants on the basis of damage estimates instead of a traditional reimbursement program. why that's important, in my area, in the central valley of california, we had huge flooding. and as any emergency, you're not prepared, you didn't anticipate it, especially where we have such a huge shortage of water in the central valley. when the flooding hit, there was a lot of miscommunication and misunderstanding between local, state and federal government, who pays for what, a lot of delays and waiting. with these cost estimates up front, we basically just say, spend the money on those estimates and the fema money is there immediately. so, we not only helped to reduce costs but most importantly when you've got a devastated community, what you need is speed. of recovery. i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from the district of columbia.